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:: Volume 2, Issue 8 (ADAB va ERFAN Persian Language and Literature Quarterly 2011) ::
ادبستان 2011, 2(8): 109-120 Back to browse issues page
The Meaning of Xrad in Pazand Menog Xrad
Vida Naddaf * , Sholeh Pak Nejad sahneh
Abstract:   (959 Views)

Pazand texts, including works left from the Middle Persian. Pazand is the  same  of  the transcription of  Pahlavi text in the Avestan alphabet. The Pazand text of «mēnōg  xrad» is one of the  Middle Persain Andarznameh that its Pahlavi text has been available in Iran. This book contains 62 questions and answers between Dānā and mēnōg  xrad. The term xrad that means «desire, purpose, mind, intelligence, understanding, and wisdom» has been used in the meaning of «The growing  xrad», «The xrad of  Righteous », «Instinctive xrad», and «xrad  that is all aware». In this article first  I have brought up the questions and answers that the xrad has used, then I analyzed  the concept.

Keywords: xrad, Pazand, mēnōg xrad, Andarznameh
Full-Text [PDF 108 kb]   (153 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2016/07/3 | Accepted: 2016/07/3 | Published: 2016/07/3
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Naddaf V, Pak Nejad sahneh S. The Meaning of Xrad in Pazand Menog Xrad. ادبستان. 2011; 2 (8) :109-120
URL: http://erfaniyat.iauh.ac.ir/article-1-183-en.html


Volume 2, Issue 8 (ADAB va ERFAN Persian Language and Literature Quarterly 2011) Back to browse issues page
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