Volume 2, Issue 8 (ADAB va ERFAN Persian Language and Literature Quarterly 2011)                   عرفانیات در ادب فارسی 2011, 2(8): 109-120 | Back to browse issues page

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Abstract:   (1905 Views)

Pazand texts, including works left from the Middle Persian. Pazand is the  same  of  the transcription of  Pahlavi text in the Avestan alphabet. The Pazand text of «mēnōg  xrad» is one of the  Middle Persain Andarznameh that its Pahlavi text has been available in Iran. This book contains 62 questions and answers between Dānā and mēnōg  xrad. The term xrad that means «desire, purpose, mind, intelligence, understanding, and wisdom» has been used in the meaning of «The growing  xrad», «The xrad of  Righteous », «Instinctive xrad», and «xrad  that is all aware». In this article first  I have brought up the questions and answers that the xrad has used, then I analyzed  the concept.

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2016/07/3 | Accepted: 2016/07/3 | Published: 2016/07/3