:: Volume 6, Issue 21 (ERFANIYAT Dar Adabe Farsi Quarterly 2015) ::
ادبستان 2015, 6(21): 65-90 Back to browse issues page
Manifestations of Mysticism in Tijani Yusef Bashir's poems
Jamsid BagherZadeh * , Roushanak Fouladvand , Faroogh Nemati
Abstract:   (1606 Views)

Tijani yousef Bashir (1912-1937) was a big and modern contemporary poet of sudan. His only poetical works - Ashragheh- receive attention of literati and critics. Tijani poem is a complet mirror of his individual and social life. Because he has sufia tendencies and he belong to Tijanieyeh sect, Tijani’s poems were full of Sufism concepts. He used intuition and detection concepts in his poems repetitively. In his satirical poem, he talked about unity of existence, and related it only to God and knew creatures as God’s attributes manifestation. Sometime Tijani say shatah  (A maner in which sufia tell agitated speech and they are wander) as a Sufism style, because of wandering.

He talked about metaphysical concepts such as soul, genii, death and wisdom in his poems. When we looked at his Ashragh poetical works page by page, this is obvious very well that Tijani as a person who knows the Koran by heart, used Koran verses in his poem. Because sudan was colonized by England and Tijani’s neighbors were Christian, so he believed to religion pluralism and he believed that all religions and their followers such as Christianity were pure.

Keywords: Tijani Yusef Bashir, Mysticism, Revelation, Unity of Being, Word of Ecstasy, Manifestation.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2016/06/25 | Accepted: 2016/06/25 | Published: 2016/06/25

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Volume 6, Issue 21 (ERFANIYAT Dar Adabe Farsi Quarterly 2015) Back to browse issues page