Volume 3, Issue 10 (ADAB va ERFAN Persian Language and Literature Quarterly 2012)                   عرفانیات در ادب فارسی 2012, 3(10): 34-50 | Back to browse issues page

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Roshani nezhad M A. Fixing the position of the Zoroastrian god of war Mars mythical ancient Persian Zoroastrian Studies. عرفانیات در ادب فارسی 2012; 3 (10) :34-50
URL: http://erfaniyat.iauh.ac.ir/article-1-163-en.html
Abstract:   (3199 Views)

Avesta is the holy book of the Zoroastrians. It is also the name of the collection of sacred texts the Mazdayasnians traditioal religions.

Avesta Comprises 21 Yašts. Bahrām yašt (Yt.14), dedicated to the God of victory (vərəθraγna), belongs to the most ancient parts of the Younger Avesta or, at least, contains many archaic elements. Bahrām Yašt is not one of the better preserved yašts, yet it gives us a vivid and exhaustive picture of the divinity. It includes 64 verses concerning the ten incarnations in which the deity appeared to zaraθuštra, as It also wind, a bull, a horse, a camel, a boar, a youth, a bird, a ram, a buck, and a man (1-28).It also enumerates numerates the powers and gifts such as victory in thought, in word, and in action that he bestows upon zaraθuštra and those who have worshiped him according to the cult (31-33), it describes the particular magical feather the magical particular feather which makes invulnerable in fighting (34-46), and finally ends with a praise (47-64).

Due to having many forces, Bahrām became the prototype of masculinity in every respect in Aryan times. He also has similar mythical features such as the Vedic Indra Vrtrahan The Indian worshipped him, as the greatest fighter, lover and drinker. This Indian god had originally a less abstract character. Iranians made him a demon  because of his being fond of the Saoma drink, yet they created his honor by deifying his distinctive Vedic epithet vrtrahan “repeller of the charge” in the form of vərəθraγna, the Iranian god of victory.

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2016/07/2 | Accepted: 2016/07/2 | Published: 2016/07/2

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