Volume 10, Issue 38 (5-2019)                   عرفانیات در ادب فارسی 2019, 10(38): 47-78 | Back to browse issues page

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1- Islamic Azad University, Islamshahr,iran , masomemohamadnejad@yahoo.com
2- IslamicAzadUniversity, Shahr Rey Branch
Abstract:   (2413 Views)
“Godless words” , “inspired paradox” and as mystics phrase it “Shath” is a language creation of a mystic’s enchanted soul’s excitement and necessity. This mystic is a person whom is confronted with an illogical subject on one hand and on the other hand he has to use logical language which is a deficient tool for describing the illogical subject. Today’s fair audience – Regardless of Controversy going among those agreeing and those who doesn’t agree with Sufism and “Shath” – reviews scripts that have been remained from mystics and tries to understand them by knowing their elements and categories. Hussein Ibn Mansur Hallaj (244-309A.H.) is one of Sufism’s hero ,he had been hanged with excuse of saying “Shath” he remained a treasury heritage of Narrative “Shath” in his poems to us. In the text first we overlooked the etymology , history , the opposed and agreed opinions then we took a glance to different subjects of “Shath” and it’s Narrative types afterward by linking these concepts to Hallaj’s poems we tried to study types of Narrative “Shaths” in Hallaj’s poems.    In the end we specified the most important subjects of “Shath” in Hallaj’s poems.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2018/10/29 | Accepted: 2019/05/26 | Published: 2020/01/9

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