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:: Volume 7, Number 26 (ERFANIYAT Dar Adabe Farsi Quarterly 2016) ::
ادبستان 2016, 7(26): 147-165 Back to browse issues page
Surrealism in Masnavi Ma’navi
Fereshteh Jafari *
Abstract:   (522 Views)

Surrealism is an artistic movement that began in early twentieth century in France. The surrealists were considered the way of salvation in illumination that makes the human to leave the facts of his real life and reach the over real and surrealistic world. They were believed to unconscious ego and used some ways to write, such as automatic writing, hallucinations, psychosis and a dream, to express and record their Unconscious Ego contents.

Most of surrealistic principles can also be found in Eastern mysticism, and the main surrealistic infrastructures have major and close similarities and relationships with Iranian mysticism, including: auto-writing or improvisation, that is very similar to Shathiat (paradoxes) of mystics; combination of enthusiasm and facetiae; relying on intuition; preferring love on intellect recourse to the force of dream; importance of madness and so on. Most of these cases can be found in the writings of one of the greatest mystics and poets of this land, i.e. Rumi.

The purpose of this study is to find surrealistic principles in Masnavi and reviewing the surrealistic view of Rumi.

Keywords: Surrealism, Mysticism, Masnavi, Rumi.
Full-Text [PDF 146 kb]   (222 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2016/10/1 | Accepted: 2016/10/1 | Published: 2016/10/1
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Jafari F. Surrealism in Masnavi Ma’navi. ادبستان. 2016; 7 (26) :147-165
URL: http://erfaniyat.iauh.ac.ir/article-1-257-en.html
Volume 7, Number 26 (ERFANIYAT Dar Adabe Farsi Quarterly 2016) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه عرفانیات در ادب فارسی Erfaniyat Dar Adab Farsi
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