Volume 11, Issue 43 (8-2020)                   عرفانیات در ادب فارسی 2020, 11(43): 91-119 | Back to browse issues page

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vesaghati jalal M, farajifar S, Nasiri Z. A study of Iranian perfectionism in Nezami’s “Haft Peykar” By emphasizing the myth of the great lady of the universe. عرفانیات در ادب فارسی 2020; 11 (43) :91-119
URL: http://erfaniyat.iauh.ac.ir/article-1-622-en.html
1- Ph.D. graduate of Persian Language and Literature, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran , m.vesaghati.jalal553@gmail.com
2- Ph.D. graduate of Persian Language and Literature, Arak Branch, Islamic Azad University, Arak, Iran
3- Ph.D. student of Persian Language and Literature, Firooz Abad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Firooz Abad, Iran
Abstract:   (881 Views)
     Although in modern literary criticism the concepts of the material psyche and the anima have popular through Jung's psychology, what is more in line with Nezami intellectual geography is the fact that myth is the great lady of the universe. The universe’s great lady is an old belief that has always existed in people’s minds. When Nezami was composing the poem “Haft Peykar”(literally seven-figure), he was probably familiar with this myth and used it. This research aims to find an appropriate answer to this question that why the “Haft Peykar”, unlike most romantic stories, presents the idea of a plurality of beloveds. To achieve a convincing answer, the“Haft Peykar”, has been considered from a psychoanalysis perspective and the myth of the universe’s great lady and has led us to the conclusion that: Bharam’s wives symbolize the universe’s great lady and they are his mind’s Anima and that they play the role of old wisdom in Bahram’s pursuit of human perfection so that he, through self-refinement, would become a just and wise king and will have worthiness enough to go to the cave of darkness and achieve immortality. Understanding this, along with other aesthetic components, has made this work meaningfully beautiful and artistic.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2020/05/22 | Accepted: 2020/12/24 | Published: 2020/08/22

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