Volume 9, Issue 34 (6-2018)                   عرفانیات در ادب فارسی 2018, 9(34): 46-24 | Back to browse issues page

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najafi S, ahmadi oliaei S. Psychological analysis of manifestation of despair and despair in the poems of Kalim Kashani. عرفانیات در ادب فارسی 2018; 9 (34) :46-24
URL: http://erfaniyat.iauh.ac.ir/article-1-359-en.html
1- Master of Science in Persian Language and Literature, Urmia University, Urmia, Iran.
2- Master of Science in Arts Research, lecturer at Urmia University,Urmia, Iran , Saeedahmadi1390@gmail.com
Abstract:   (2009 Views)
Hopelessness is one of the most prevalent themes in the artistic and literality works. There is that in Iranian literature as well. This paper aims, analyzes factors and components of expressions of despair in the lyrics Kalim Kashani, through a Psychological approach, which has been theorized by Abramson, Metalsky and Alloy, d has been named “Hopelessness theory of depression”. The results show: factors of disappointment on the Kalim‟s lyrics: 1. bitter experiences of anxiety 2. Lack of emotional life that has caused a sense of desperation in his poems. Considering on the lyrics Kalim Kashani were these Disappointment components: 1-negativity of self, the world and the future. 2. The sense of failure. 3. dissatisfaction with the status quo. 4.Isolation 5. Death friendship 6.extreme sadness. Based on the performed analysis can be claimed; sense of desperation on the lyrics has a humanist perspective, without divine backing. Rows with themes of trust and hope in God's mercy, they are rarely seen.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2017/11/4 | Accepted: 2018/03/4 | Published: 2018/07/3

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